Language Features of ‘Summer Farm’ by Norman MacCraig

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Orientation into the language features of ‘Summer Farm’

In the opening line of the poem, MacCraig provides the reader with a simile, comparing the ___________________ to _____________________________. This description is also oxymoronic as lightning is described as ‘tame’, whereas is nature lightning is often wild, explosive and threatening. By comparing ‘straws’ to ‘tame lightnings’, MacCraig gives the impression ………………………………………………… Another descriptive device is given in the run-on line in relation to the straws which ‘ hang …………………..’ which suggests that …………………………………… . In the second line of the first line a simile is used again ‘green as glass’. Here the poet is describing ……………………………………………. . In the final line of the first stanza MacCraig gives the reader another contrasting image the ‘ducks wobbling’ in ‘two straight lines’. ‘Wobbling’ denotes the way …………………………, though there is a sense of order portrayed by ……………………………………………………………

In the second stanza, movement is conveyed by the swallow. The actions of the swallow are described as ____________________________________________. ‘Dizzy blue’ is also an effective image because —————————————————– . In the third stanza, the speaker of the poem becomes more evident through the use of the —————————————– ‘I’. The use of ‘I’ reinforces ____________________________________________ . Though a subtle comparison, it is clear that the speaker of the poem has compared himself to the grasshopper. The grasshopper is similar to him because ……………………………… . The tone of the poem shifts completely to the speaker of the poem as he describes himself as ‘a pile of selves’. This suggests that ………………………………… . In the final lines of the poem the poet describes an invisible hand – a metaphysic hand –which lifts the farm ‘like a lid’ and we see eventually ‘ in the centre, me’. In this final image the writer is describing ………………………………………………………………………

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8 Responses to Language Features of ‘Summer Farm’ by Norman MacCraig

  1. Rick says:

    Autum Farm

    Leaves like parchment paper lie about the grass
    And hnag in the river on a bed of stones. Yellow as mellons.
    The water in the river cold as ice cubes, the last birds float
    and walk by in two straight lines, waiting to fly away.

    A swallow stares at the sky with one eye
    Then stretches his wings, to fly away in the grey clouds,
    A leaf falls and floats by leaving the true colour of the forest,
    the forest becoming clearer and cleaner as the last leaves drift by

    I like not thinking in the cool soft grass,
    shining gold with crystals of dew.
    A bird lands on the grasspicks his last worm
    before the depths of winter time.

    Self underself, a pile of selves I stand
    Threaded on time, thinking I could fly like a bird
    Or float with the cold breeze to a peaceful place
    Where I can find myself and live a day as me

  2. Alex says:

    Summer Farm – Norman MacCraig
    In the opening line of the poem, MacCraig provides the reader with a simile, comparing the straws to the tame lightning. This description is also oxymoronic as lightning is described as ‘tame’, whereas is nature lightning is often wild, explosive and threatening. By comparing ‘straws’ to ‘tame lightings’, MacCraig gives the impression of that everything can be different and even if we don’t expect it. Another descriptive device is given in the run-on line in relation to the straws which ‘hang zigzag’ which suggests that really looks like lightning, because lightning is also described as a zigzag. In the second line of the first line a simile is used again ‘green as glass”. Here the poet is describing the water in the house-through. In the final line of the first stanza MacCraig gives the reader another contrasting image the ‘ducks wobbling’ in ‘two straight lines’. ‘Wobbling’ denotes the way they move, though there is a sense of order portrayed by “two straight lines”
    In the second stanza, movement is conveyed by the swallow. The actions of the swallow are described as a bird that appeared from nowhere and disappeared the same as appeared. ‘Dizzy blue’ is also an effective image because it describes the color of the sky using literature words. In the third stanza, the speaker of the poem becomes more evident through the use of the sentence which starts with ‘I’. The use of ‘I’ reinforces that the reader of the poem started talking about himself. Though a subtle comparison, it is clear that the speaker of the poem has compared himself to the grasshopper. The grasshopper is similar to him because they are both on the grass and under the sun, they feel free like in space. The tone of the poem shifts completely to the speaker of the poem as he describes himself as ‘a pile of selves’. This suggests that he is describing himself as a Kalinka doll.. In the final lines of the poem the poet describes an invisible hand – a metaphysic hand –which lifts the farm ‘like a lid’ and we see eventually ‘in the center, me’. In this final image the writer is describing like he is dreaming.

  3. Marie says:

    In the opening line of the poem, MacCraig provides the reader with a simile, comparing the straws to tame lightnings. This description is also oxymoronic as lightning is described as ‘tame’, whereas is nature lightning is often wild, explosive and threatening. By comparing ‘straws’ to ‘tame lightnings’, MacCraig gives the impression ……………….. Another descriptive device is given in the run-on line in relation to the straws which ‘hang zigzag’ which suggests an image of the pattern of nature. In the second line of the first line a simile is used again ‘green as glass’. Here the poet is describing the water in the horse-trough. In the final line of the first stanza MacCraig gives the reader another contrasting image the ‘ducks wobbling’ in ‘two straight lines’. ‘Wobbling’ denotes the way ducks are moving, though there is a sense of order portrayed by the image of the two straight lines of nine ducks described by the poet at the last line of the first stanza.

    In the second stanza, movement is conveyed by the swallow. The actions of the swallow are described as it falls, flicks and dives. ‘Dizzy blue’ is also an effective image because it reminds that the swall was falling down. In the third stanza, the speaker of the poem becomes more evident through the use of the first singular person ‘I’. The use of ‘I’ reinforces the truth of this poem. Though a subtle comparison, it is clear that the speaker of the poem has compared himself to the grasshopper. The grasshopper is similar to him because it finds himself in space. The tone of the poem shifts completely to the speaker of the poem as he describes himself as ‘a pile of selves’. This suggests that there is a self on an other one, on an other one, ect.., it’s like Russian dolls. In the final lines of the poem the poet describes an invisible hand – a metaphysic hand –which lifts the farm ‘like a lid’ and we see eventually ‘in the center, me’. In this final image the writer is describing the largeness of the farm and the grassland.

  4. Rick says:

    In the opening line of the poem, MacCraig provides the reader with a simile, comparing the lightning’s to straws. This description is also oxymoronic as lightning is described as ‘tame’, whereas is nature lightning is often wild, explosive and threatening. By comparing ‘straws’ to ‘tame lightnings’, MacCraig gives the impression that they lie on the ground like an explosive just gone off. Another descriptive device is given in the run-on line in relation to the straws which ‘hang in hedges’ which suggests that the straws lie on hedges. In the second line of the first line a simile is used again ‘green as glasses. Here the poet is describing that the water is shining green as glass. In the final line of the first stanza MacCraig gives the reader another contrasting image the ‘ducks wobbling’ in ‘two straight lines’. ‘Wobbling’ denotes the way walk/swim, though there is a sense of order portrayed by smile

    In the second stanza, movement is conveyed by the swallow. The actions of the swallow are described as up down side ways. ‘Dizzy blue’ is also an effective image because it means sky. In the third stanza, the speaker of the poem becomes more evident through the use of the way he uses examples of him ‘I’. The use of ‘I’ reinforces he is talking about his personal thoughts. Though a subtle comparison, it is clear that the speaker of the poem has compared himself to the grasshopper. The grasshopper is similar to him because he is relaxed. The tone of the poem shifts completely to the speaker of the poem as he describes himself as ‘a pile of selves’. This suggests that he don’t know how he really is . In the final lines of the poem the poet describes an invisible hand – a metaphysic hand –which lifts the farm ‘like a lid’ and we see eventually ‘ in the centre, me’. In this final image the writer is describing he found him in the farm

  5. Intan Amalia Putri says:

    Summer Farm by Norman MacCraig
    In the opening line of the poem, MacCraig provides the reader with a simile, comparing the straws to tame lighting. This description is also oxymoronic as lightning is described as ‘tame’, whereas is nature lightning is often wild, explosive and threatening. By comparing ‘straws’ to ‘tame lightning’, MacCraig gives the impression that the straws are common or nature thing and it’s everywhere in the farm like ‘tame’ lightning. Also the shape of the straws is similar to the lightning. Another descriptive device is given in the run-on line in relation to the straws which ‘hang zigzag’ which suggests the pattern of nature. In the second line of the first line a simile is used again ‘green as glass’. Here the poet is describing the shines of the water in the horse-trough and the green color of the trees and grass is covering around the farm. In the final line of the first stanza MacCraig gives the reader another contrasting image the ‘ducks wobbling’ in ‘two straight lines’. ‘Wobbling’ denotes the way of ducks move that is unbalance, though there is a sense of order portrayed by the two lines.
    In the second stanza, the actions of the swallow are described as ‘falls’, ‘flickering’ and ‘dives up’. ‘Dizzy blue’ is also an effective image because it shows the idea of what the swallow is doing. In the third stanza, the speaker of the poem becomes more evident through the use of the word ‘I’. The use of ‘I’ reinforces the existence of the speaker in the poem. Though a subtle comparison, it is clear that the speaker of the poem has compared himself to the grasshopper. The grasshopper is similar to him because they were relaxing and creating their own space. The tone of the poem shifts completely to the speaker of the poem as he describes himself as ‘a pile of selves’. This suggests that he is the same like the Russian doll. In the final lines of the poem the poet describes an invisible hand – a metaphysic hand –which lifts the farm ‘like a lid’ and we see eventually ‘in the center, me’. In this final image the writer is describing that he is imagining that he is in the center of this huge farm in summer.

  6. Alex says:

    Orientation into the language features of ‘Summer Farm’
    In the opening line of the poem, MacCraig provides the reader with a simile, comparing the ‘straws’ to ‘tame lightnings’. This description is also oxymoronic as lightning is described as ‘tame’, whereas is nature lightning is often wild, explosive and threatening. By comparing ‘straws’ to ‘tame lightnings’, MacCraig gives the impression that the straws has formed a pattern like lighting. Another descriptive device is given in the run-on line in relation to the straws which ‘ hang’ zigzag which suggests that straw hanging might be easily blown away by the wind. In the second line of the first stanza a simile is used again ‘green as glass’. Here the poet is describing the water in the horse trough. In the final line of the first stanza MacCraig gives the reader another contrasting image the ‘ducks wobbling’ in ‘two straight lines’. ‘Wobbling’ denotes the way the way the ducks move, though there is a sense of order portrayed in ‘two straight lines’.
    In the second stanza, movement is conveyed by the swallow. The actions of the swallow are described as falling flickering and diving up into the blue sky. ‘Dizzy blue’ is also an effective image because this is the sky. In the third stanza, the speaker of the poem becomes more evident through the use of the first person narration, ‘I’. The use of ‘I’ reinforces where the poet is standing and what the poet sees. Though a subtle comparison, it is clear that the speaker of the poem has compared himself to the grasshopper. The grasshopper is similar to him because he is alive, and, also we imagine that the speaker is unfolding his legs too. The tone of the poem shifts completely to the speaker of the poem as he describes himself as ‘a pile of selves’. We know this because the speaker also says ‘’me’’! In the final lines of the poem the poet describes an invisible hand – a metaphysic hand –which lifts the farm ‘like a lid’ and we see eventually ‘ in the centre,me’. In this final image the writer is describing farm within farm , and within self. This suggest that a comparison can be made between the poet and a Kalinka Doll . They are similar because they look same, and they can become smaller.

    • Sandy Marques says:

      Hii Alex,

      I like you analysis of the poem summer farm, however you have only analyzed two stanzas which i cannot take as a complete advantage, however i am using them for my reference, which is terrific.

      If you could, would you analyze the other 2 stanzas and also could you analyze another poem for me, it is called “Mirror” By Silvia Plath.

      Your knowledge on the poems and analysis skills will help me greatly

      Thank a ton!

      – S

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